Need Help! Trying to combine Teachable Machine with Person Detection Script

I’m trying to use the TFLite Person Detection example project as a template and insert my own model that I’ve created using Teachable Machine. However, it’s not working as expected, and giving a “Invoke Failed()” error in the serial monitor when I run the script on my Nano 33 BLE. Can someone please take a look and tell me what I did wrong?

Here is how I approached it:

  1. Create a model with Teachable Machine
  2. Download my model as a keras file
  3. Convert from Keras model to tflite model, and then integer quantize the model using the code here: Google Colaboratory
  4. Convert from tflite to .cc using : xxd -i converted_model.tflite >
  5. Replace value of g_person_detect_model_data_len with new value from my
  6. Replace model_data with new model data from my
  7. Use to visualize the network and see what MicroOpsResolvers need to be included. Include as necessary.

The only two files in the project that I touch at all are person_detection.ino and person_detection_model_data.cpp. Please help me figure out why it’s not working!!!

Here is my person_detection.ino file for you to look at:

/* Copyright 2019 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”);
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

#include <TensorFlowLite.h>

#include “main_functions.h”

#include “detection_responder.h”
#include “image_provider.h”
#include “model_settings.h”
#include “person_detect_model_data.h”
#include “tensorflow/lite/micro/micro_error_reporter.h”
#include “tensorflow/lite/micro/micro_interpreter.h”
#include “tensorflow/lite/micro/micro_mutable_op_resolver.h”
#include “tensorflow/lite/schema/schema_generated.h”
#include “tensorflow/lite/version.h”

// Globals, used for compatibility with Arduino-style sketches.
namespace {
tflite::ErrorReporter* error_reporter = nullptr;
const tflite::Model* model = nullptr;
tflite::MicroInterpreter* interpreter = nullptr;
TfLiteTensor* input = nullptr;

// In order to use optimized tensorflow lite kernels, a signed int8_t quantized
// model is preferred over the legacy unsigned model format. This means that
// throughout this project, input images must be converted from unisgned to
// signed format. The easiest and quickest way to convert from unsigned to
// signed 8-bit integers is to subtract 128 from the unsigned value to get a
// signed value.

// An area of memory to use for input, output, and intermediate arrays.
constexpr int kTensorArenaSize = 136 * 1024;
static uint8_t tensor_arena[kTensorArenaSize];
} // namespace

// The name of this function is important for Arduino compatibility.
void setup() {
// Set up logging. Google style is to avoid globals or statics because of
// lifetime uncertainty, but since this has a trivial destructor it’s okay.
// NOLINTNEXTLINE(runtime-global-variables)
static tflite::MicroErrorReporter micro_error_reporter;
error_reporter = &micro_error_reporter;

// Map the model into a usable data structure. This doesn’t involve any
// copying or parsing, it’s a very lightweight operation.
model = tflite::GetModel(g_person_detect_model_data);
if (model->version() != TFLITE_SCHEMA_VERSION) {
"Model provided is schema version %d not equal "
“to supported version %d.”,
model->version(), TFLITE_SCHEMA_VERSION);

// Pull in only the operation implementations we need.
// This relies on a complete list of all the ops needed by this graph.
// An easier approach is to just use the AllOpsResolver, but this will
// incur some penalty in code space for op implementations that are not
// needed by this graph.
// tflite::AllOpsResolver resolver;
// NOLINTNEXTLINE(runtime-global-variables)
static tflite::MicroMutableOpResolver<10> micro_op_resolver;


// Build an interpreter to run the model with.
// NOLINTNEXTLINE(runtime-global-variables)
static tflite::MicroInterpreter static_interpreter(
model, micro_op_resolver, tensor_arena, kTensorArenaSize, error_reporter);
interpreter = &static_interpreter;

// Allocate memory from the tensor_arena for the model’s tensors.
TfLiteStatus allocate_status = interpreter->AllocateTensors();
if (allocate_status != kTfLiteOk) {
TF_LITE_REPORT_ERROR(error_reporter, “AllocateTensors() failed”);

// Get information about the memory area to use for the model’s input.
input = interpreter->input(0);

// The name of this function is important for Arduino compatibility.
void loop() {
// Get image from provider.
if (kTfLiteOk != GetImage(error_reporter, kNumCols, kNumRows, kNumChannels,
input->data.int8)) {
TF_LITE_REPORT_ERROR(error_reporter, “Image capture failed.”);

// Run the model on this input and make sure it succeeds.
if (kTfLiteOk != interpreter->Invoke()) {
TF_LITE_REPORT_ERROR(error_reporter, “Invoke failed.”);

TfLiteTensor* output = interpreter->output(0);

// Process the inference results.
int8_t person_score = output->data.uint8[kPersonIndex];
int8_t no_person_score = output->data.uint8[kNotAPersonIndex];
RespondToDetection(error_reporter, person_score, no_person_score);